## Platons $$\it Parmenides$$ und Marsilio Ficinos $$\it Parmenides$$-Kommentar - ein kritischer Vergleich

• The Platonic dialogue ‚Philosophos‘ is usually considered to be a lost work. The author shows that Plato completed the trilogy ‚Sophistes‘‚ ‘Politikos‘ and ‚Philosophos‘ with the ‚Parmenides‘ – hence, that the lost ‚Philosophos‘ is identical with the existing ‚Parmenides‘. The dialectical exercise of the ‚Parmenides‘ demonstrates a kind of theory of subjectivity in which the One reveals to be the human soul. The human soul – through the multiplicity of its sentences and their dialogical unity – therefore creates reality. In Ficino’s exegetical approach reality is not described as a creation of the human soul – on the contrary it appears to be a well-organised hierarchy.